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T & P Railroad Depot : Early 1900's : Our New Home
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Pecos, Texas
   Pecos might have been called "Crossroads", as it has been a crossroad for over land transportation lines for many, many years. It's origins began because of the strategic location. Many of the old cattle and wagon trails such as the Butterfield Route, Chisholm Trail and Loving-Goodnight Trail crossed here. There were a number of less famous trails coming into Pecos, some never having been named.

The actual recorded beginning in Pecos was sometime around 1873, soon developing into a center for the various ranches in the area. It was considered nothing for a cowboy to ride 50 to 75 miles to spend his paycheck in the various saloons which comprised most of Pecos' business district. Because of it's strategic location, Pecos soon became the wholesale center for most of the small communities scattered throughout a 200 square mile radius. Wholesale and distribution, along with ranching were the mainstays of Pecos development until 1947.

During World War II, Pecos was selected as the site for one of the largest B1-13 Training Centers in the United States. Pecos was selected as the site for this base because of the flat terrain and weather conditions. According to the U.S. Air Force, Pecos has more flying days than any other location in the country, averaging 360 flying days per year. To this day, every other year, Pecos is the host of the Army Airfield Reunion, gathering people from all over the country.

T & P Railroad Depot : Early 1900's : Our New Home
Reeves County Courthouse

Until 1947, most of Pecos' development had been along distribution lines, when a number of people realized that in the Pecos area there was a large supply of virgin land that would produce valuable crops in large quantities. There was a large quantity of underground water with which to irrigate the land. This water was available to anyone who would drill a well. The climate was very favorable to agriculture; the land was easily prepared for irrigation and there was a wonderful outlet by rail or highway for farm and ranch products. Farmers started buying up land and they were quickly followed, by others.

In the late 60's oil and gas exploration and production became very important to the Pecos economy. Many oil and gas companies had offices in Pecos and crews were based here. In the early 80's there was an oil bust that affected all oil and gas exploration throughout the United States and most of the exploration was halted.

Pecos Today
   Pecos is the County Seat fore Reeves County and has a broad based economy. In the area of agriculture, Pecos has cotton, feed grains, cattle, onions, cantaloupes and milk production. In the fruit category, the Pecos Cantaloupe is world renowned. Pecan and pistachio growing is also being developed. Pecos also boasts a large food processing plant. Tourism is becoming a major industry, due in large to our world famous cantaloupe and our West of the Pecos Museum.

An expanded version of the History of Pecos is available as a free .PDF download.